Parola d’ordine: BE POLITE!
“Please”, “Sorry”, “thank you”, “excuse me”.
Ecco le parole che sentirete usare maggiormente se state passeggiando per le vie di Londra, se qualcuno vi passa davanti mentre state guardando una vetrina a Brighton oppure se fate passare qualcuno davanti a voi anche quando non è dovuto.. In qualsiasi luogo in cui si parla l’inglese non potrete fare a meno di sentire SORRY o THANK YOU per qualsiasi cosa, anche quando ,per voi, non sembrava necessario.
Nella grammatica inglese non abbiamo una vera e propria parola per dare del lei come nella lingua italiana. Per questo è necessario , nella realizzazione di frasi formali, inserire parole garbate e rispondere in modo appropriato scandendo le parole per favore e grazie .
Per gli Inglesi questo è davvero importante, a volte più importante della grammatica inglese , quindi della corretta formulazione di frasi, o anche dell’accento. Se usate queste parole non potete che fare una bella figura oltre che essere educati e cordiali.
Nel prossimo viaggio che farete: Londra, Dublino, Edimburgo, Belfast o in altri paesi anglosassoni provate a notare questo particolare, vi stupirete della frequenza con la quale vengono ripetute queste parole.
Qualche anno fa ho potuto scoprire , in una scuola materna a Dublino, come i bambini ,anche quelli più piccoli, venissero educati con questa regola : Be kind, be polite (sii gentile, sii educato). Si inizia con canzoni educative come la canzoncina per bambini ,(in inglese Nursery Rhymes) ,“PLEASE AND THANK YOU “ queste magiche parole che ti rendono educato e garbato. Mentre ai bambini più grandicelli gli si insegna a scusarsi e abbracciarsi se si è fatto un bisticcio con un altro compagno.
Potremo prendere un bello spunto da questi nostri amici Inglesi, una “parolina magica” in più non guasta mai.
Some inspirational quotations about learning languages.
Learning another language opens our minds and can lead to unforeseen opportunities.
-The English have really everything in common with the American except of course language.
-If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.
-Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.
-Language is the road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going.
Rita Mae Brown.
-Change your language and you change your thoughts.
-With languages, you are at home anywhere.
Edward De Waal.
-Learning another language is not only learning different words for the same things, but learning another way to think about things”.
-To God I speak Spanish, to women Italian, to men French, and to my horse German.
Emperor Charles V Hapsburg.
-The people who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the ones who do.
-A different language is a different vision of life”.
The Paradox of our Time
The paradox of our time in history is that
we have taller buildings, but shorter tempers; wider freeways but narrower viewpoints.
We spend more, but have less. We buy more, but enjoy it less.
We have bigger houses and smaller families; more conveniences, but less time;
We have more degrees, but less sense; more knowledge, but less judgment;
more experts, but more problems; more medicine, but less wellness.We drink too much, smoke too much, spend too recklessly, laugh too little,
drive too fast, get too angry too quickly, stay up too late, get up too tired,
read too seldom, watch TV too much, and pray too seldom.We have multiplied our possessions, but reduced our values.
We talk too much, love too seldom, and hate too often.
We've learned how to make a living, but not a life.
We've added years to life, not life to years.
We've been all the way to the moon and back,
but have trouble crossing the street to meet the new neighbor.
We've conquered outer space, but not inner space.
We've done larger things, but not better things.
We've cleaned up the air, but polluted the soul.
We've split the atom, but not our prejudice.
We've learned to rush, but not to wait.
We plan more, but accomplish less.
We write more, but learn less.
We build more computers
to hold more information
to produce more copies than ever,
but have less communication.
These are the times of fast foods and slow digestion;
tall men, and short character; steep profits, and shallow relationships.
These are the times of world peace, but domestic warfare;
more leisure, but less fun; more kinds of food, but less nutrition.
These are days of two incomes, but more divorce;
of fancier houses, but broken homes.
These are days of quick trips, disposable diapers, throw-away morality,
one-night stands, overweight bodies, and pills that do
everything from cheer to quiet, to kill.
It is a time when there is much in the show window
and nothing in the stockroom;
a time when technology can bring this letter to you,
and a time when you can choose either to share this insight,
or to just hit delete.
"Dedicate time to people close to you,to your loved ones,to those who need a hug or a word of comfort.
Small gesture don't reguire a lot of time, but will give you a lot of joy".
The irregularity of English Spelling and Pronunciation.
Quite often students find that they can improve all aspects of their proficiency in English, except for their pronunciation.
You must note that pronunciation mistakes can’t be corrected by repetition, what can really be helpful is to learn how the sounds are structured. It’s not easy to hear unfamiliar sounds or to distinguish clearly the difference between some sounds.
If you would like to practice your English Pronunciation , here below , you can find something to help you with difficult or strange words and expand your English culture in general .
Gerard Nolst Trinité (1870-1946), Dutch traveler and teacher of English. He has wrote a poem, The Caos demonstrating how hard the English spelling is. From poetical point of view this poem has almost no value, but for your pronunciation it’s priceless. He managed to “squeeze” in one poem almost 800 irregular words.
by Dr. Gerard Nolst Trenité (Netherlands, 1870-1946)
Dearest creature in creation,
Study English pronunciation.
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.
I will keep you, Suzy, busy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy.
Tear in eye, your dress will tear.
So shall I! Oh hear my prayer.
Pray, console your loving poet,
Make my coat look new, dear, sew it!
Just compare heart, beard, and heard,
Dies and diet, lord and word,
Sword and sward, retain and Britain.
(Mind the latter, how it's written.)
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as plaque and ague.
But be careful how you speak:
Say break and steak, but bleak and streak;
Cloven, oven, how and low,
Script, receipt, show, poem, and toe.
Hear me say, devoid of trickery,
Daughter, laughter, and Terpsichore,
Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles,
Exiles, similes, and reviles;
Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
Solar, mica, war and far;
One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel;
Gertrude, German, wind and mind,
Scene, Melpomene, mankind.
Billet does not rhyme with ballet,
Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet.
Blood and flood are not like food,
Nor is mould like should and would.
Viscous, viscount, load and broad,
Toward, to forward, to reward.
And your pronunciation's OK
When you correctly say croquet,
Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve,
Friend and fiend, alive and live.
Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
And enamour rhyme with hammer.
River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb,
Doll and roll and some and home.
Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
Neither does devour with clangour.
Souls but foul, haunt but aunt,
Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant,
Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger,
And then singer, ginger, linger,
Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge,
Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age.
Query does not rhyme with very,
Nor does fury sound like bury.
Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth.
Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath.
Though the differences seem little,
We say actual but victual.
Refer does not rhyme with deafer.
Foeffer does, and zephyr, heifer.
Mint, pint, senate and sedate;
Dull, bull, and George ate late.
Scenic, Arabic, Pacific,
Science, conscience, scientific.
Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven.
We say hallowed, but allowed,
People, leopard, towed, but vowed.
Mark the differences, moreover,
Between mover, cover, clover;
Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
Chalice, but police and lice;
Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label.
Petal, panel, and canal,
Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal.
Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
Senator, spectator, mayor.
Tour, but our and succour, four.
Gas, alas, and Arkansas.
Sea, idea, Korea, area,
Psalm, Maria, but malaria.
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean.
Doctrine, turpentine, marine.
Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion and battalion.
Sally with ally, yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key.
Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver.
Heron, granary, canary.
Crevice and device and aerie.
Face, but preface, not efface.
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging.
Ear, but earn and wear and tear
Do not rhyme with here but ere.
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk,
Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.
Pronunciation -- think of Psyche!
Is a paling stout and spikey?
Won't it make you lose your wits,
Writing groats and saying grits?
It's a dark abyss or tunnel:
Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale,
Islington and Isle of Wight,
Housewife, verdict and indict.
Finally, which rhymes with enough --
Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough?
Hiccough has the sound of cup.
My advice is to give up!!!